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Glossary of Terms


Movement of a limb away from the body (out to the side).

The area where the adductor muscles attach to the pelvis on the inside of the groin at the top of the leg.

Any muscle that pulls the limb inwards towards the body.

A thin, flattened tendon.


Pulling apart of the combined tendon of the internal oblique and the transversus abdominus muscles.

The ability of the central muscles of the trunk and abdomen to act as a base of support for efficient and effective limb movements.


A hernia occurring through a defect in the rectus abdominus muscles above the umbilicus.

A turning outwards.

The outermost layer of the muscular wall of the abdomen.


A hernia occurring through a defect next to the femoral blood vessels. A type of groin hernia.

An X-ray of the pelvis taken standing on one foot and then the other to look for excessive movement of the pelvis (see Stork X-ray).


A pulling apart of the muscles and tendons of the groin (musculo-tendinous disruption).



The protrusion of part, or all, of the contents of a body cavity, through the wall of the cavity that normally contains those body parts.


A hernia through a previous scar.

A hernia in the groin area of which there are several different types, e.g. indirect, direct, femoral.

A fibrous band formed by the rolled over, bottom edge of the external oblique muscle. It extends from the pelvis on the side to the pubic tubercle near the middle.

A hernia that cannot be pushed back.


Relating to muscles and tendons.


Inflammation of the pubic bone towards the middle part of the pelvis at the front.


Abnormal movement of the two side of the pelvis where they join at the front. Seen in a Flamingo, or Stork, X-ray.

A nodule of bone toward the front of the pelvis, on each side, where the groin muscles attach.


A hernia that can be pushed back.

A program of exercise design to recover normal activity.


An X-ray of the pelvis taken standing on one foot and then the other to look for excessive movement of the pelvis (see Flamingo X-ray).

Near the surface.

A gap in the fibres of the external oblique muscle that allows the testicular blood vessel to pass through in men, or the round ligament of the uterus in women.

Where the two halves of the pelvic bone join together at the front.


Division of a tendon


A hernia occurring through the umbilicus.

Any body organ, but particularly applied to the organs in the abdomen.

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